In Case You Missed It

1) This week, the ERLC held its national conference. Various speakers addressed “The Gospel, Homosexuality, and the Future of Marriage.” Watch the videos of the excellent talks and helpful panel discussions at their liveblog.

2) At SEND Network, Michael Rhodes offers some helpful advice on being an everyday neighborhood missionary.

3) In a continuing series, Ed Stetzer thinks about how churches can fix the biblical illiteracy problem.

4) Also at Ed Stetzer’s blog, Southeastern director of communications, Amy Whitfield writes wisely about social media, civil discourse, and the fear of missing out.

5) Today is October 31, Reformation Day. Justin Taylor offers some historical insight from Calvin on Luther’s (and his) right reasons for reforming the church.


Briefly Noted: R. R. Reno on Elshtain, Feminism, and the Family

One gets tired of the usual feminist twaddle and of the mainstream press, which unfailingly describes feminist intellectual gyrations with unctuous laudatory descriptive modifiers such as “bold” and “undaunted.” Jean Bethke Elshtain, however, strikes a different path than most feminists, a path that is more humane and more Christian. This is R. R. Reno’s point in his recent First Things editorial concerning Elshtain’s lectures on “The Nature and Meaning of Loyalty.”[1]

Elshtain, who Reno describes as “a feminist willing to criticize feminism…a contemporary academic willing to talk about God,” argues that one must be loyal to the smallest unit of society—the family—rather than denigrating it and treating it as inferior. Elshtain describes the work of Progressive era feminist Jane Addams, who recognized that “women must often endure very concrete conflicts of loyalty.” The conflict for women is between contributing to society at large, on the one hand, and taking care of one’s family, on the other hand. Elshtain lauded Addams’s realism “and for her conviction that we should never assent to an ideology that demands that we forsake our loyalty to the little platoon of the family.” Reno notes that while this argument does not automatically answer the hard questions of marriage, family, motherhood, and vocation for all women everywhere, it does take a step in figuring out “which paths, often alluring and full of promise, lead in the wrong direction.”

The second key moment from Elshtain’s lecture illustrates the first moment. Elshtain recounted the story of Le Chambon-sur Lignon, a small Protestant village in France that hid Jews during World War II. For Reno, Elshtain’s recounting illumined the meaning of Le Chambon-sur Lignon in a new, fuller way. That is, this small village of French Protestants, “undoubtedly a community of inwardly focused loyalties,” applied its inwardly focused loyalties to the lives of strangers–Jewish neighbors in danger of extermination. As Reno states, “as it turned out, the bonds of family, village, and faith that defined Le Chambon were precisely what provided the indispensable basis for their courageous actions.” Faith in God exercised in the family thus offers the locus for us to work out the right kind of loyalties, in the right way. Or as Reno says, “Loyalty’s disposition of devotion can prepare our hearts for higher loyalties, wider loves.”

I’ll second Reno’s thoughts and add another, taken from Martin Luther. In Luther’s sermons he often talked about the Christian’s multiple callings—callings to family, church, workplace, and citizenship. For Luther, each of these callings is precisely that—a calling from God—and each of them should be regarded with appropriate loyalty. Luther was right. God calls each of us to service in multiple realms; one of life’s most important tasks is to fulfill each of those callings simultaneously without giving inordinate weight to any one of them. Any ideology is fundamentally flawed that causes a person to denigrate one of their fundamental callings. To denigrate the worth and significance of family nurture is deeply inhumane and, more to the point, deeply un-Christian.

[1] R.R. Reno, “The Virtue of Loyalty,” in First Things (December 2012), 7.


On Disciplined Reading (2): What Should I Read? Choosing from a Vast Array of Options

Determining what to read is more than a little important. Of the many books in any given library or bookstore, most can be left unread without any fear of intellectual or moral deprivation. Even (and sometimes especially) the bestsellers are not necessarily worth reading. So what should a seminary student read? Without being able to answer this question in specific, because each person’s callings, abilities, and tastes are unique, I will attempt to give some general principles that should apply to all.

The first principle is to guard your time in the Scriptures. There are hundreds of millions of books, but only one book inspired by God. Be careful that, in your reading, you do not neglect the reading of God’s Word. Each person has his own method. For me, the most helpful method is to choose a book of the Bible and read through it several times, outlining it, meditating on it, and applying it to my life. Usually, I will select a commentary to read at the same time. Usually, I choose a commentary or study help that is pastoral in nature. I want to read something that aims to convict me and rouse me to action rather than merely to inform me.

A second principle is to avoid limiting yourself by era, tribe, or category. (1) Push beyond the limits of your era, refusing the chronological snobbery of limiting yourself to books written in the late 20th and early 21st century. Read old books. Put down Grisham and Geisler and pick up Augustine, Dante, and Lewis. (2) Read outside of the parameters of your tribe. By this I mean that you will benefit from reading people who are not just like yourself. Over the long haul, you want to read books by authors who are not Christian, evangelical, Baptist, or American. (3) Expand your reading beyond the limits of a familiar category. If you read mostly theology, try something new and read some missiology or church history. If you always read non-fiction, buy a good novel or two. If you read mostly “practical” books, put them down and read a good work of theology (you’ll find that a good theology is the most practical thing a person could have).

A third principle: reading the great authors is more helpful than reading a great number of books. In Christian theology and related fields, this means that you might want to pick a handful of theologians who have influenced the church and make sure that you have read at least a little bit of what they wrote. If you are a seminarian, you want to read Irenaeus, Athanasius, Augustine, Aquinas, Luther, Calvin, and Barth, the towering figures in church history. (Philip Yancey is not a towering figure in church history.) In fact, you may want to choose one or two of these authors and read everything they’ve written, and read some of their books multiple times. If you are Baptist (or even if you are not), you are well-served to purchase and read Dagg’s Manual of Theology and Boyce’s Abstracts, and you cannot allow yourself to neglect Hubmaier’s “On the Christian Baptism of Believers.”

A fourth principle: make a list of categories and read a selected number of books each year, in each category. My list includes the following categories: theology, biblical studies, missiology, philosophy, history and current affairs, international affairs, and fiction. These categories are weighted according to what I am teaching during a particular semester and according to interest, but each semester I try to several from each category, with fiction being the possible exception.

A fifth principle: read a few select journals and magazines. During my time in the Ph.D. program at SEBTS, I began receiving First Things, a journal dealing with any and all issues at the intersection of religion and public life. Since then, I have also begun receiving Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The Economist, The Atlantic Monthly, The Times Literary Supplement and The New York Review of Books. While First Things provides me with a lively discussion of religion and public life, Foreign Affairs and Foreign Policy allows me to keep track of international affairs, The Atlantic Monthly allows a peek into things that are of interest to the broader culture, The Times Literary Supplement and The New York Review of Books serve notice of a wide array of recently published books. The Economist provides the reader with an avalanche of concise articles on matters of interest across the globe and across various sectors of society. Other periodicals worth the read are Books & Culture and Touchstone. Your list will not be the same as mine; browse Barnes & Noble and find some magazines and journals that help you stay abreast of the rest of the world.